Diabetes is not a disease that can be cured. But that does not mean you feel desperate. If you have diabetes, it does not mean you can not laugh with friends or family anymore. You can still watch a movie every Sunday or go to a fun place without worry. The key is just one, you just need to keep your blood sugar level. What can you do daily to deal with diabetes? You will know in this article.
How to Manage your diabetes?Initially it may be difficult when doctors say that you have diabetes. You will feel confused by the treatment and care you need to do to keep your blood sugar normal.
Take it easy, you are not alone, there are family, friends, medical personnel consisting of doctors, nurses, and dieticians who will help you. Bring one or two members of your family while doing regular checks. Make sure you understand everything you need to know about treatments that can overcome your diabetes.
#1. Eat Healthy FoodsActually, your food is almost the same as everyone who does not have diabetes. The difference is, your food is more manageable than them. Regular healthy diet every day is almost the same as medical nutrition therapy.
Eat a healthy diet is intended to always eat nutritious foods, low in fat and calories so that it can control your blood sugar levels. What kind of food should you eat everyday to overcome diabetes?
- Foods made from whole grains or complex carbohydrates such as brown rice, baked potatoes, oatmeal, bread and whole grain cereals.
- Replace your sugar with low calorie sweeteners and contain chromium to boost the function of insulin in the body, thus helping the diabetics in controlling blood sugar.
- Lean meat steamed, boiled, roasted, and burned.
- Vegetables processed by boiling, steamed, baked or consumed raw.
- Good vegetables consumed for diabetics include broccoli and spinach.
- Fresh fruits. If you want to make it juice, you should not add sugar.
- Nuts, including soybeans in the form of steamed tofu, cooked for soup and saute.
- Popcorn tasteless.
- Low fat dairy products and eggs.
- Fish like tuna, salmon, sardines and mackerel.
So what are the benefits for diabetics following a regular healthy diet?
You can maintain your weight, keep your blood sugar levels normal, and prevent heart disease that is vulnerable in diabetic patients, even more how this can overcome your diabetes.
Tips for Injecting Insulin
- Inject your insulin.
- Eat the same amount of food every day at about the same time.
- Do not skip meals, especially if you've already received insulin injections. If you miss it, your blood sugar level will go down.
Tips if you Don't Use Insulin
- Adhere to a given diet.
- Do not skip meals, especially if you take oral hypoglycemic drugs (OHO) diabetes. If you miss it, your blood sugar level will go down.
- Spending time on food can make you eat too much in the next hour and can cause your blood sugar levels to drop.
#2. Regular Exercise
Maybe you've heard too often and even feel bored if the sport is good for your health. However, you should not underestimate it, the benefit of regular exercise for diabetes is to help keep your weight down, insulin can more easily lower blood sugar, help the heart and lungs work better and give you more energy. This simple way can overcome your diabetes.
Do not be too heavy You can start walking, swimming, cycling near your home, joining a dance class, diligently cleaning a house, or starting a hobby of gardening is a great idea to keep you active.
Try exercising at least three times a week for about 30 to 45 minutes. If you're the type who rarely sports, try 5 to 10 minutes at the beginning of the sport, from here you can increase the time.
If your blood sugar level is less than 100-120, eat an apple or a glass of milk before you exercise. When you're exercising, bring snacks to keep your blood sugar down.
Tips for Injecting Insulin
- Exercising after meals, not before eating.
- Test your blood sugar before, during, and after exercise. Do not exercise if your blood sugar level is low, less than 70.
- Avoid exercising before bed because it can cause your blood sugar to drop at night.
Tips if you Don't Use Insulin
- See your doctor, if you intend to take a fitness class or an exercise program.
- Test your blood sugar before and after exercise if you are taking diabetes medication. Make sure your blood sugar is not lower than 70 .
#3. Test Your Blood Glucose Every Day
Regular blood glucose monitoring is the primary way to treat diabetes and keep your blood sugar levels normal. This check will tell you your blood glucose levels in real time or right away. You should have a tool to check blood sugar levels at home.
You can use a blood sugar test called glucometer. Here are instructions on how to use it:
- After hand washing, insert the test strip into a blood glucose meter.
- Plug the fingertips with the needle provided to remove the blood.
- Squeeze or massage the fingers until the blood comes out (the required blood sample size varies depending on the measuring instrument).
- Hold and hold the end of the test strip until the blood drips on the test strip, and wait for the result.
- Blood glucose levels will appear on the screen measuring instrument.
The level of blood sugar in the body changes, especially before and after meals. Normal blood sugar levels before meals 70-130 mg / dL, whereas after eight hours of fasting should be less than 100 mg / dL. Then, blood sugar levels two hours after meals should be less than 180 mg / dL and bedtime ranges from 100-140 mg / dL.
The amount of blood sugar levels can describe your health condition. High blood sugar levels are considered as a sign that your body condition is not healthy. Take note of your blood sugar level every time you check your blood sugar level.
#4. Make Sure you Always Take Medication or Insulin Injections
Although diabetes can not be cured, early detection allows blood sugar levels of diabetics can be controlled. The goal of diabetes treatment is to treat diabetes, maintain blood sugar balance and minimize the risk of complications.
The Right Drugs for Diabetes Type 2
The balance of blood sugar levels in diabetes can sometimes not be well preserved only through the application of a healthy diet and regular exercise. You may also need medication to handle it.
There are several types of drugs (usually in tablet form) that can be used for type 2 diabetes (oral hypoglycemic drugs). You may also be given a combination of two or more drugs to control your blood sugar levels. Commonly prescribed medications are metformin, sulfonylurea, pioglitazone, gliptin, agonist, acarbose, nateglinide and repaglinide.
Insulin Therapy as a Companion of other Drugs
Drugs in tablet form may be less effective to treat diabetes, so you need insulin therapy. Based on the dosage and how to use it, this therapy can be given to replace or be given in conjunction with drugs.